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11 legal studies intro to do literary analysis

In the analysis of the changes proceeding in production of goods, the western sociological thought as an object of research takes only a technological way of production. Out of a field of its researches there is a structure of the relations of production forming economic structure of any preindustrial, industrial and post-industrial society.

In machine, manufacturing qualitative distinctions of work are eliminated, work is leveled, and division of labor is reduced to distribution of workers between specific cars. Work on its machine gun demands a certain qualification, the worker for the rest of life becomes part of the partial car/1/.

Economists and sociologists call our century an eyelid of scientific and technical or second industrial revolution. Physics - an eyelid of atom and space. Chemists - an eyelid of synthetics. Cybernetics and equipment - an eyelid of automatic equipment.

The essential element of this ideology relating to a way of creation of its theoretical forms is the method of a technocratic determinism. Tekhnodeterminizm, especially at the initial stages of formation of the technocratic direction, was present, mainly, as the mood, world outlook installation, approach and only in the modern developed technocratic theories acts as a method in the true sense of the word. Its identification by that the numerous modifications of theories caused by their internal contrast are followed by the adaptation of philosophical and methodological base, assimilation of other approaches borrowed from cultural science. Besides, the reflection of theorists of a tekhnokratizm concerning the method applied by them, camouflages rather, than shows the main point. Nevertheless "the technocratic determinism" remains for technocrats a universal formula of an explanation of public life and the methodological principle of creation of theories. In this quality it sets parameters of a theoretical explanation of social problems and ways of their decision.

At the present stage of development of production of goods many bourgeois scientists realize need of the analysis of the happening social processes and forecasting of the future. However, stating real-life problems, recognizing need of high-quality transformations for a social organism, they state various ideas going to a section with theoretical conditions of science about society.

This characteristic of Marx defines a being of equipment in its development, in its ratio, on the one hand to the nature (the natural material turned into authorities of human will over the nature), and on the other hand, to the person (the bodies of a human brain created by a human hand, the substantiated power of knowledge).

K. Marx specified that the large-scale industry technically destroys manufactory division of labor, reproduces division of labor in even more terrible look: at actually factory - process of transformation of the worker into the appendage of the partial car allocated with consciousness"/1/.

Introduction of cars separates workers, strengthens the competition between them to that first, cars division of labor and any branch of work simplify becomes more available to everyone; secondly, workers should compete with cars, because of cars they lose work; thirdly, "the small industrial enterprises perish and cannot sustain the competition to the large. The whole layers of a class of the bourgeoisie are rejected in ranks of working class"/1/that increases the offer of labor in its market.

When the live appendage is necessary to the car only for control, and "the working car carries out all movements necessary for processing of crude material, without assistance of the person", in these cases K. Marx writes, "we have before ourselves automatic system of cars which, however is capable to continuous improvement in details"/1/.

Practically all modern capitalist concepts of the future are based on the scheme of post-industrial society D. Bella. In a series of works he offers such comparative scheme in which according to ways of production (technological) defined spheres of economic activity, methods and so on.

Though in mechanical production workers are live appendages of the car, nevertheless they are indispensable participants of production without whom cars are useless - rust, spoil and so on. Live work, Marx specifies, - "has to capture these things, revive them from the dead, turn from only possible into the valid and operating consumer costs"/1/.

To analyse these, and also other problems of mutual development of the relations between the person and the equipment created by it in works of philosophers of the present and classics is the purpose of the presented paper.